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The 2023 edition of the Offshore Wind Market Report, prepared by DOE’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory, shows continued progress toward the President’s goal of advancing offshore wind. This report found that the capacity of U.S. offshore wind energy projects being developed and currently operating increased 15% from the previous year to 52,687 MW.
This includes two operating projects totalling 42 MW, 40 projects under development totalling 47,606 MW, and an additional 5,039 MW of potential capacity in the planning stage. The report also found:
  • In 2022, the domestic offshore wind industry invested $2.7 billion in ports, vessels, supply chain, and transmission, indicating investor confidence in the U.S. offshore wind energy market.
  • The Biden-Harris Administration expanded offshore wind planning beyond the north and mid-Atlantic, including five new lease areas auctioned off the coast of California – the first ever offshore wind lease sale on the Pacific Coast and the first to support commercial-scale floating offshore wind.
  • There are also plans to auction three new wind energy areas for the first time in the Gulf of Mexico. 
  • New Jersey and New York combine for the highest energy capacity in the U.S. offshore wind energy pipeline, with more than 20,000 MW, followed by Massachusetts (8,189 MW), and California (6,102 MW).
  • State policies across 13 states aim to procure 112,286 MW of offshore wind capacity by 2050.
  • Major efforts are underway in New York, New Jersey, New England, and California to integrate offshore wind energy into long-term state grid planning.
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