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Bird Detection Radar

A Tool for Monitoring White-Fronted Goose Movements
ImageThe UK government now has ambitious targets for the overall contribution of renewable energy to the UK’s energy budget. These higher targets have resulted in an increase in applications for onshore and offshore renewable energy developments. In the UK, many of the renewable resources with the most potential are at their greatest in Scotland. This has of course created some conflict, in particular with respect to wind generation, because of Scotland’s remote habitats and the species of conservation concern, including key bird species, that use these areas. Therefore, developers and statutory bodies have been pressed to seek state of the art assessment methods for accurately gauging potential environmental impacts.
By Richard Walls and Mark Parnel, Bird Management Unit, Central Science Laboratory (CSL), UK
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Improving Bankability of Wind Power Projects

More Sustainable Financing of Wind Power Projects through Improved Annual Energy Production Estimates

ImageThis article is about increasing confidence levels in annual energy production calculations for proposed wind farms. To do this, Sinclair Knight Merz uses detailed statistical analysis of the measured site data and the measured meteorological station data, without assuming a certain correlation function between the two datasets before the analysis has taken place.

By Paul van Lieshout, Wind Power Group Manager, Sinclair Knight Merz (Europe) Ltd, UK
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Safety and Fire Behaviour

Dry-Type Transformers versus High Temperature Liquid-Filled Transformers
ImageNew turbines above 3MW are being developed at a rapid rate in order to maximise energy yields. Therefore turbine components also have to be upgraded. A transformer is required to step up the voltage from the generator (400 to 3000V) to a medium voltage level. Safety and fire behaviour of transformers is an important issue for our industry. Fire damage accounts for between 9 and 20% of wind power insurance claims. In this article, the authors compare the safety and fire behaviour of dry-type transformers with high temperature liquid-filled transformers.
By Jan Declercq and Raymond Van Schevensteen, Pauwels International NV, Belgium
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Optimising Wind Energy Capture

Expanding the Speed Range with the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator
Developments in power electronics, electrical drives and wind turbines have allowed an increase in the power of wind systems. The need to limit mechanical stress and power disturbances has led to strong demand for variable speed systems. In wind generation systems it is necessary to decouple and control active and reactive power flow with fast response because of mains requirements. Fast and accurate control is especially important when the induction machine is designed to operate below synchronism rotational speed as a generator. This article describes a controller that can extract power from wind kinetic energy over a large speed range, at both sub- and hyper-synchronism speeds.

By Paulo Costa, António Martins and Adriano Carvalho, Portugal
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Wind Energy Resource Map of State of Paraná, Brazil

Development of a Methodology for Wind Resource Assessment

ImageSince 1995, COPEL (the local utility of the State of Paraná, Brazil) has been developing, in partnership with LACTEC and CAMARGO SCHUBERT, research and development projects in the area of wind energy. In 1999, the project named ‘Projeto VENTAR’ introduced the ‘Wind energy resource map of the State of Paraná’. In line with the global growth of renewable energy utilisation, and the beginning of the Brazilian wind energy market, COPEL has developed a methodology to support feasibility analyses of wind farm projects in Brazil. The author gives a description of the methodology and results achieved.

By Luiz Procopiak, LACTEC, Brazil
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Measuring Offshore Wind Vectors from Space

Valuable Data for the Wind Power Industry

ImageResearch at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Earth Science Enterprise is complementing the development of offshore wind power in the USA. The American space agency is experimenting with a new technology to measure surface-level sea winds from orbit. Created for monitoring marine weather conditions in general, this technique could evolve into an operational system that would supply valuable data to the wind power industry. Not surprisingly, a high vantage point may offer the best view for offshore wind information.

By Avery Sen, Policy Analyst and ORISE Fellow, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
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Next-Generation Capacitors

Optimising Capacitors for Wind Power Applications


ImageAll wind turbines face a similar set of challenges. They need to extract power at low wind speeds and fluctuating wind profiles in order to maintain adequate yield. They also need to ensure adequate power quality to operate appliances or to feed into a grid. In addition, the electrical system must be constructed to minimise losses and thereby maintain high efficiency and reliability. In this article, the author, from Vishay Intertechnology, Inc, discusses how capacitors can be optimised to meet these challenges.


By Josef Reindl, Vishay ESTA, Theo van de Steeg and Frans van Roemburg, Vishay BCcomponents
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