Published: 26 October 2020 26 October 2020
The Consortium for the Advancement of Remote Sensing (CFARS) has released its survey of Remote Sensing Devices operating in complex flow including the WindCube (Leosphere, a Vaisala company), Triton Sonic Wind Profiler (Vaisala) and ZX 300 (ZX Lidars).
Ground-based Lidars and Sodars employ a variety of beam probing or scan patterns by which the horizontal wind speed, vertical wind speed and wind direction are derived - all assume homogeneous flow conditions within the scan / beam volume. In contrast, traditional meteorological masts equipped with cup anemometers provide a single measurement at the installation point of the sensor. In complex flow, often caused by terrain and fixed objects, the assumption of homogeneous flow conditions within the measurement volume introduces differences between lidar and cup anemometer. In situations like this a flow conversion technique can be applied. CFARS have compared the various techniques adopted when using a WindCube, Triton and ZX 300 remote sensor.
Across a broad range of cases previously published by ZX Lidars and Meteodyn incorporating 13 different wind project locations, data presented confirmed that CFD conversion of ZX 300 data in non-homogeneous flow conditions produced large settlement with collocated anemometry. As a result the data can be considered as finance-grade in situation.
ZX 300 performance in complex flow is achieved by its 50 Line of Sight measurements in just 1-second. From this baseline performance, the use of additional Complex Flow tools available from a range of service providers including WindSim, Meteodyn and Natural Power are able to optimise the performance of ZX 300 further, delivering results that are traceable and auditable with a published conversion process.
ZX Lidars has continued to collaborate in this application. Following a development and validation programme by ZephyScience and Deutsche WindGuard, a further data conversion technique ‘ZX CFR’ (Complex Flow Resolver) has now also demonstrated results to known and acceptable uncertainties allowing ZX Lidar systems to be deployed standalone in complex terrain and deliver wind speed and wind direction measurements that can be included within Energy Yield Assessments (EYAs) and Site Suitability Assessments (SA).